SQUASH

 

Unless otherwise noted, all packets will contain at least 15 seeds (most packets will contain more).  Plant after danger of frost is past or start indoors 2 weeks prior and set out when conditions are favorable.  Bush types can be placed 5 to 6 feet apart; vining types need at least 10 feet between hills, though they can be crowded if you are prepared to deal with the jungle.  We plant 5 seeds per hill.  We have listed the species by each squash for those who are seed savers.  We will use  C. mixta as that is what the current trend indicates.  Historical correctness would mean using Cucurbita argyrosperma. 

 

Growing tips for squash and pumpkins

 

Squash seeds do not like to be placed in cold soil.  It is better to wait until the ground is warm and then plant the seeds.  If you are trying to rush the season for an early crop then it is best to start the plants 2 weeks ahead of the transplant time. Do not let them get more than 2 to 3 true leaves when you transplant them or it will stunt the growth .  Squash and melons do not like to have their roots disturbed.  Early transplants can be protected from insects with row cover.  We place them out under hoops made of #9 wire and covered with row cover. 

 

The vine crops continue to be the biggest challenge here in the Midwest to grow organically.  We continue to search for safe and effective ways to grow these crops with the least impact on the  environment. My large collection of over 1000 varieties of vine crops and the challenge of maintaining the collection here in Iowa has been the biggest reason we had not sought organic certification for so long. We don’t have things perfected yet, but we will continue to work and share any environmentally friendly methods we can with you.

 

Cushaw Squash Recipe

 

For years I have grown cushaw squash for their beauty and for livestock feed.  But for table quality I never found a baked cushaw squash to be much more than bland.  A co-worker at school asked me if I ever grew them.  I said, “Sure, but what in the world do you want them for?”  She then proceeded to tell me how delicious they were.  I was hesitant, but then Linda tried her recipe and we really liked it.  So, we modified it a bit and think you will enjoy it also.  Cut off the neck portion of the Cushaw-type squash (the bowl of the squash tends to be a little more stringy consistency).  Peel the neck section with a potato peeler (or a knife) and cut the neck into slices about 1/2 inch thick.  Cut these slices into bite sized pieces.  Add a couple tablespoons of olive (or vegetable) oil to a large non-stick skillet to heat.  Add sliced onions and minced garlic to the heated oil and then add in the pieces of squash that you have previously prepared.  Add salt and pepper to taste and cook squash until tender.  Serve as a side dish in place of rice or potatoes.

 

Future Squash Plans

 

My initial seed saving endeavors got a start as a child  growing squash. The growth rate of their vines and the multiple shapes and colors got me hooked on gardening, then seed saving and plant breeding.  I continue to have a fascination with vine crops today but there are so many time constraints upon my time I just don’t have the  hours I used  to have  to do all of the hand pollinations to maintain so many types. At one point I had collected over 700 varieties of squash and was growing and hand pollinating them. As the poultry collection grew  and the hours in the day shrank the collection started to suffer.  I donated much of  the collection to Seed Savers Exchange in 2008. I trust that is is being maintained. When my friend Tom Knoche passed away I inherited over 2000 varieties of his seed collection and, as  I stated in  the bean collection, I started increasing it this past year. I hope to make a start in the squash soon. Tom and I were both a bit obsessed with collecting squash so, hopefully, there will be enough hours in the day to salvage some of the heirloom varieties that Tom had frozen.  Wish us well and more hours in the  day and perhaps some really unique stuff will appear here in years to come. As with the beans and other things,  our hope is like Wilson Sweet and Halbert Honey Watermelon, they will make the grade and become popular and widely available again.

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SUMMER SQUASH

(all C. pepo )

(30 varieties to choose from)

 

Our goal is to try to keep as many available as possible so we do carry a number of non organic varieties that we purchase  from commercial outlets. We try to grow for seed  those unique ones that we cannot purchase from wholesale growers.  We hope by spreading the purchased varieties out more we can help to keep more of the gene pool alive. 

 

We have divided the summer squashes into smaller groups to enable you to find specific types easier.

Scallops/Patty Pans group

 

One of my favorite groups for eating. The fruit needs to be picked small for best flavor and texture. 

 

Benning’s Green Tint- 58 days- Pale, greenish-white, scalloped-type summer squash. Best used when less than 4 inches in diameter. Pkt. $1.75 

 

Early White Scallop - 50 days - Nice compact bush type with small uniform white scallop fruit.   Harvest when less than 4 inches in diameter. Pkt. $1.50

 

Golden Scallop-  55 days- A nice scallop squash, beautiful golden orange color when mature for seed, nice pale yellow  when in the edible  stage.  Pkt. $1.50

Juane et Verte- 60 days - Very colorful patty pan type.  Holds well.  Cream and green striped. A bit thicker than most scallop types.  Pkt. $2.00

 

 Yellow Summer Squash group

 

This group has the straightnecks and crooknecks and are typically what a lot of folks refer to as yellow summer squash.  Best to harvest when 6 inches or less but  the  fingernail test is best. If it bruises easily when pricked with the fingernail it is still young and tender and ready to eat.

 

Giant Golden Summer Crookneck -  60 days - A larger, more uniform crookneck, large bush plants.  Some green streaking can occur in fruits. We had a great seed crop this year. Pkt.  $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Ingot- 43 days- Small, compact bush with high yields of uniform yellow straightneck squash.   We have maintained this variety for over 30 years and find it to be exceptional for yield  and quality. Pkt. 2.50  Certified Organic Seed

Straightneck- 53 days- Bush type, warty, deep yellow summer squash. Big, very fruitful plants .  Pkt. $1.50

 

Yellow Summer Crookneck Improved-  50 days- High producing, yellow crookneck.  Pkt. $1.50

 

Zucchini group

 

 The traditional  group of what people refer to as zucchini, usually shades of green, and long, slender fruit.

 

Black Zucchini - 55 days - Bush, darkest green of any zucchini that is open pollinated. Fruits are nice and straight and   very uniform.  Pkt. $1.50

 

Caserta- 48 days - Bush, super early and productive, grey-green striped summer squash.   This is the most dependable of any summer squash we grow. If kept picked the plants continue to produce an abundance of fruit. Pkt. $2.00

Cocozelle- 50 days - Long, skinny striped zucchini.  These grow long rapidly .They tend to get a thin area in the middle of the length. They are not perfectly straight or uniform in diameter the entire length.  Pkt. $1.50

Costata Romanesca- 53 days- Huge bushes bearing 12 to 24 inch long, thick, ridged fruits, gray-green in color with dark green stripes.  Pkt. $1.75

 

Dark Green Zucchini- 50 days - Bush type, dark green fruit. Not as dark as Black Zucchini but  as uniform.   Pkt. $1.50

 

Golden Zucchini - 53 days - Bush type, bright yellow, 8 to 10 inch fruits.  Excellent for home and for market.  Pkt. $1.50

 

 Summer Marrow group

 

 The group that   is typically white skinned or pale green with some exceptions. Flesh is usually a little firmer than traditional zucchini.

 

Bianco Lungi Cylindro- 55 days-  Bush plants, light green skin, mild tasting flesh.  Good Italian variety. Best to harvest when about 6 inches long, though they can get larger and then be used for stuffing.  Pkt. $1.50

Genovese- 50 days- Large bushy plants, pale yellow green fruit. This variety tend to be a bit more blocky than long and skinny. Pkt. $1.50

 

Green Bush Marrow - 55 days - Nice, blocky zucchini typical of the British types.  Pkt. $1.00  

Lebanese White Bush- 50 days- Bush, oblong, pale grey to cream white skin, tends to be larger at blossom end.  Pkt. $1.50

Odessa- 65 days- 8 to 12 inches long, straight white fruits with a spreading and vigorous plant.  They are very productive with good disease tolerance.  Plants produce the entire season with continuous new growth.  This variety originated in the Ukraine. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

 

Striata de Italia- 55 days- Large, bushy plants, light and dark green striped fruit.  Fruits can get to 8 to 9 inches and still be in great shape.  Pkt. $1.50

 

White Bush Vegetable Marrow - 65 days - Bush, summer squash.  This one makes a suitable sub for Odessa  when we are out of Odessa. Pkt. $1.50

 

Zucca de Lungo Verde - 55 days - Stout, blocky, Italian Zucchini.  Long and deep green Pkt. $1.50

 

Unique Group

 

The ones in this group do not  fit into any group because of unique traits or growth patterns that they have. 

 

Mandan- 47 days- Small, round, flattened Native American type.  Small vines are heavy producers of these cream colored with green or yellow striped fruits.  Average quality, but great insect tolerance.  Very variable in fruit type.This one came to us with multiple variants and we are still selecting for the proper  color pattern to occur in all fruits.    Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed  

Mayeras- 55 days- Large, semi-bush, blocky shaped (like Spaghetti Squash in size and shape), extremely high yielding, superb quality.  Gray-green in color.  Good tolerance to pests and disease. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Nizza- 60 days- Round zucchini, semi-bush type.  Great yields. fruits are striped grey green. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed (Limit 1 pkt. ) 

 

Round de Nice- 52 days- Bush, small, round Zucchini, medium green in color.  Best to harvest at golf ball size.  Pkt. $1.50

 

Table Dainty- 65 days- Vining, blocky green/yellow striped.  About 6 inches long.  Very productive.  Developed in 1909.   Pkt. $2.50  Certified Organic Seed

Tatume- 65 days - Vining, heat tolerant and high insect tolerant.  Round, pumpkin shaped summer squash.  Fruits are a pale grey green.  Pkt. $2.00 

 

Tender and True Marrow-  65 days- large spreading bush type,with round grey green zucchini type fruit. Pkt. $2.50   Certified Organic Seed

 

Trailing Green Marrow- 70 days- Late for a summer squash, but excellent for a season finisher and continues for the remainder of the season.  Very vigorous vines produce numerous fruits that are striped and remain edible when they become quite large.  Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

 

 

WINTER SQUASH

(96 varieties to choose from)

 

Butternut types 

 

All of this group are  basically tan skinned when ripe and have very nice, deep orange flesh high in carotene. As a group they need a warmer growing season to do the best and they are very tolerant of most diseases and insects especially vine borer tolerance. For seed saving purposes all of these are C. moschata

 

Alagold- 120 days-  A very prolific butternut type.  Deep orange flesh.  Very sweet and flavorful.  This is an incredible butternut type that keep for alogn period of time.  Pkt. $2.50

 

Baby Butternut- 105 days-  Good sized vines, heavy production of 6 to 8 inch fruit.  Dr. Meader and Dr. Yeager  introduction from New Hampshire in the 1950’s.   Pkt. $2.50 ( Limit 1 pkt. )

Canadai Mezoides- 100 days- We have been very impressed  with this variety since Nancy Arrowsmith first sent it to us from Austria close to 30 years ago. A short, uniform butternut type that frequently stays green until  put into storage. Keeps well and has deep, rich orange flesh  The issue is the fruits produce very few seeds.  UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

Greek   Sweet   Red   -    105   days     Somewhat barbell shaped, good insect resistance.  deep orange flesh. Fruit is slow to ripen but keeps for a long time. UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019)

Hercules Butternut- 100 days-  Not entirely uniform in shape, but produces some very large sized butternut squash.  Pkt. $2.50

 

Piena di Napoli- 120 days- A very late and very large butternut type. Frequently over 50 pounds. They rarely if ever turn tan in the field here, but are a deep green when picked and ripen in storage. Flesh is solid in the very large neck and a deep orange .  Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Pennsylvania Dutch Crookneck- 100 days- a smaller more refined looking Tahitian melon type. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Tahitian Melon- 110 days -  A sweeter, longer necked version of Butternut.  Cooked flesh is not stringy and excellent to use for “Pumpkin Pie”. This is Linda’s favorite for making pumpkin pie. Fruit can get to 20 pounds in good years.  Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

 

Trombocino Rampicante- 100 days-Long, skinny, curved fruits.  Typically used in the immature stage (with flower still intact).  Fruits can be up to 6 inches long when the flower opens (much larger than most other squash).  As they age and mature use them as a butternut.   Some variability  in fruit shape occurs. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Trombone- 110 days-  Can produce two distinct shapes, but primarily is a huge butternut type averaging 30 to 40 pounds.  Fruits tend to be green at harvest and ripen to a pale tan in storage.    Pkt $2.50

Waltham Butternut- 110 days-  Traditional butternut-type with tan skin. Very uniform  in size and shape.   Pkt. $1.50

 

 

Cheese types

 

 A group that is perhaps the most heirloom group we offer  as most of these can trace their history back a number of years. They usually are large and  have a tan skin and orange flesh. In many cases they were used when families were large and for stock feed. All in this group are C. moschata

 

Cow- 110 days- cheese type, orange flesh.  Originally developed for  stock feeding, but good for pies.  UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

Dickinson -  115 days -    A nice, blocky, oblong cheese type.  Fruits are a buffy tan, slightly ribbed and grow to 40 pounds.  Flesh is sweet, orange and excellent for pies.  Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

Gray- 100 days-   Early, productive, blocky cheese type.  Medium orange flesh, in the 10 to 15 pound range for the fruits.  Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed SOLD OUT AS OF 3/5/2019

 

Kimsey-Stephens Heirloom-  115 days- an amazing heirloom sent to us by a customer in Georgia. We planted 2 hills in an isolation garden and got almost 2000 pounds of fruit. Most weighed in between 40-50 pounds. As with all old types some shape variability from  large pear to  thick ribbed blocky cheese types. Productivity  per acre would be phenomenal.  Flesh is pale orange and very thick.  Linda made our Thanksgiving pumpkin pies from a small part of one fruit. Excellent stock pumpkin. Our pigs, sheep, cow and poultry devoured the seeded out  fruits.  Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Mrs. Amerson’s- 120 days-  Produces two distinct shapes.  Flesh is bright orange, has superb insect and disease resistance.  Pkt. $1.75

 

Old Time Buff Cow- 100 days- Large (20 pounds and up), old fashioned oblong cheese type squash.  Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Old Timey Cornfield- 110 days-   Old fashioned Southern heirloom, Tan skin, 15 to 30 pounds.  George McLaughlin sent  us this one which basically is a large  “Halloween pumpkin shape” but there are variable shaped ones. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Seminole- 110 days-  Vigorous vines, very productive, slightly bell-shaped, 6 to 8 inch sized fruits, buffy tan outside, orange inside.  Pkt. $2.50  Certified Organic Seed

Tan Cheese- 125 days- 5 pound, flat cheese type, thin ribs with cantaloupe orange 1.5” thick flesh.  Pkt. $2.50  Certified Organic Seed 

 

Upper Ground Sweet Potato - 110   days   -  Extremely high yields even in poor soil and harsh conditions.  Tan colored skin, bell shaped for the most part, 4 to 6 pound fruits, some larger, nice orange flesh.  Some shape variations can be blocky, cheese box  with an occasional longer necked, bell shaped, tan skin.   Pkt. $2.75  Certified Organic Seed

Warty Cheese- 120 days-  Large, blocky, warty cheese box shaped, tan skin, 30-40 pounds in size with thick orange flesh. UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

Acorn types

 

All of this group are typically the same shape and are relatively small compared to some we grow. As a group these are less tolerant to vine borers and many of them will succumb to mildew in wet, cool seasons. All in this group are C. pepo

 

Ebony Acorn - 90 days - Productive, green-black acorn squash.  Fruits average 1.5 to 2 pounds.  Pkt. $1.50

Fishers Acorn- 70 days- a development by the late Ken Fisher of Montana. On my trips back to Idaho each summer after moving to Iowa in 1984 I always hoped to get a chance to meet him as I traveled through his town  but alas each year our schedules never matched up and I was never successful. He developed a lot of material for short seasons and we are trying to get more of it back out to the public.  This one can produce some very large acorn type fruit is very quick time. Tends to produce 2 sizes  of fruits. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Gill’s Golden Pippin- 95 days -    A vining, golden acorn from the old Gill Bros. Seed Co.  Excellent growth and productivity.  Flesh is unbelievably superb for an acorn type.  I typically don’t like acorn squash because they are too blah.  Gill’s has a sweet (almost nutty) flavor that makes you go, “Yum!!!”  It was prominently featured in Gill Bros. 1960 catalog and justly deserves the honor that it received at that time.  I do not understand why it ever dropped out of large scale, commercial production. Good news, it is now being offered by large wholesale firms and has returned to the main stream again.   Pkt. $2.50

Scarchuks Supreme- 83 days- Developed by Dr. Scarchuk at University of Connecticut, Delicata color pattern (cream striped with green).  This variety is superior.  Each year reminds me of what Dr. Scarchuk was working on, vine borer resistance.  It does much better than most Acorn types.  Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

Thelma Sander’s Sweet Potato- 90 days- Acorn type, vining.  Fruits are a cream color with golden yellow flesh.  Heirloom from Missouri.  Pkt. $1.75

 

Uconn- 86 days-  Bush, fist sized and larger, productive acorn.  Very high yields for a bush type. UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

White Acorn- 75 days-   A sport selection I made in the early 1980’s.  Plants are bush type, productive, producing snow white (occasional cream) fruits.  Very mild flavor. Pkt. $3.00 ( Limit 1) Certified Organic Seed OSSI pledged seed variety

Hubbard types

 

While all that I have included here are not hubbards they are all large, blocky shaped  squash. Usually as a group they have large and rampant vines and do better than most other squash in cooler mountain climates. These were tops where I lived in the mountains of Idaho for yield and flavor. Here in the Midwest they grow well but frequently succumb to vine borers and here the flavor isn’t quite the same.  All are C. maxima

 

Argentine- 100 days-  Gray-green, ribbed fruits.  Flesh is dark orange (almost brown) , dry and very sweet.   This one handles the insects much better than others. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Arikara- 70 days-    While not resistant to vine borers, it shows huge tolerances plus it can be planted so late and still make a crop.  Flesh is sweet, soft (but stringy) and very moist, similar to a Hubbard.  When blended in a blender it becomes extremely smooth (excellent for baby food and soup).  Skin is pink and hard shelled.  Some soils cause a slight bluish tint to the fruit skin.  (An old Oscar Will variety) UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

Boston Marrow- 95 days-  A very historical type (dating to 1831).  Deep red orange skin, very moist, yellow orange flesh. Fruits can get quite large 30 pound is possible. Pkt. $3.00    Certified Organic Seed

German- 87 days-   Block shaped, pink skin with slight ribs, very productive plants.  Fruit weighs 10 to 15 pounds.  Flesh is 1.5” thick.  Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Gill’s Sugar Hubbard- 95 days-     A cross the Gill Bros. Seed Co. made many years ago between Sweetmeat and True Hubbard.  Flesh is golden and moist.  Skin is a slate grey in color.  Fruits may get up to 40 pounds.  Pkt $2.50

Golden Hubbard- 90 days-  A nice, early, red orange hubbard.  Usually stays in the 8 to 15 pound range.  Once very common, but now is rare.  Does exceptionally well in the West.  Pkt. $2.00

Hopi Pale Grey-  95 days  Blocky pale grey skin with slight ribbing, orange yellow flesh.  Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seeds

Mountaineer- 70 days- another of  Ken Fisher of Montana's introductions.  A golden red hubbard that grows super fast and produces lots of 8-12 pound fruit. We planted these in isolation at a friends around mid June and they were mature in mid August. I realize in native Montana they would take longer but here they grew super fast  out growing all bugs and disease. We got a mountain of seed. Pkt. $1.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Potimarron a Gros Fruit -  A wonderful Red Kuri type though slightly larger.  Very productive and beautiful orange red.   Pkt. $3.00

 

Red Kuri - 95 days - Nice, bright orange red skin, orange flesh. Fruit are 3 to 5 pounds and a tear drop mini hubbard shape.  Pkt. $2.50

 

Sibley- 110 days-  (aka Pikes Peak)  Elongated tear drop shaped grey green hubbard type.  Introduced in 1898.  Pkt. $2.00

 

Warted Green Hubbard-    A wonderful old, very tasty heirloom that yields well, better in the Northwest and mountain regions than here, but you can still expect nice, 30 pound squash.  Thick, sweet flesh.  Pkt.  $1.75

 

Turban types

 

All of the ones in this group are flattened with a drum like appearance , some will have a button or cup. For the most part these are all on the drier fleshed side.  Most  have sweet orange flesh. All are C. maxima

 

Australian Butter - 100 days -   A very attractive, pink, buttercup type that weighs around 10 pounds.  The flesh is dry and semi-sweet.  (15 seeds)  Pkt. $3.50  Certified Organic Seed

Burgess Buttercup- 95 days - Traditional buttercup type,  dry fleshed, dark green with off-green cup (bottom) at blossom end.  Pkt. $2.00

 

Doe - 95 days -   An Essex Turban type, orange, semi-warty, cupless UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

Essex Turban- 100 days -  Very large, orange red, warty Buttercup type.  Best suited for its beauty as the flesh is pale orange, very moist and somewhat bland.  Fruits are very eye catching and may be used for decoration in the Fall. UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

Flat White Boer - 105 days -    Flat, wheel like squash with white skin. Flesh is deep orange, sweet, very firm and very dry.  Flesh is so firm it maintains its structure after being cooked. Occasional off-types can be seen.  Pkt. $3.00 Limit 1 pkt Certified Organic Seed

 

Galeux D-Eysines (Peanut)-  100 days -- Originate in France, pink skinned flattened globe that gets wartier as it ages.  Ornamental, yet good for cooking.  Pkt. $2.50

 

Jarrahdale- 107 days- Australian variety that is very ribbed, blocky, drum shaped, slate blue in color, averaging 15 to 20 pounds.  Moist, very sweet, semi-soft flesh. Pkt. $2.50  Certified Organic Seed

 

Kindred- 90 days -  Nicely colored deep orange skin, buttercup type with a greenish white cup.  Flesh is thick, dark colored and very dry.  Seed cavity is small. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Marina di Chioggia - 110 days - Very warty, ribby, deep slate blue, yellow/orange flesh.  Vines get very vigorous and cover a large area. Pkt. $2.75

 

Queensland Blue- 125 days -  Beautiful, slate blue-grey, drum shaped with ribbing.  Pkt. $3.00  Certified Organic Seed

 

Red Gold- 93 days-   Mottled, salmon and green colored fruits, 6 to 10 pounds, 1 inch thick yellowish/orange flesh. UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

Strawberry Crown- 90 days -  Small, 6 pound fruit, brownish grey bicolor, blushed with salmon pink.   Originated in Brazil.  Pkt. $3.00

 

Sweetmeat- 95 days-   Dry, sweet flesh.  Fruits are gray-green, cheese wheel shaped, 8 to 12 pounds in size.  A Pacific Northwest favorite.  Pkt. $1.50

 

Banana types

 

This has always been one of my favorite groups. They did so well where I lived in Idaho  and I  remember the huge 100 pound plus sized Pink Bananas that used to be exhibited at the Nez Perce County Fair. They never get as big here in Iowa and the flavor is not as I remember it,  but they are still  a great addition to the garden.  The big issue here is they succumb easily to vine borers. All are C. maxima.

 

Georgia Candyroaster - Fruits nearly 2 feet long, orange skin and sweet flesh, long vining.  Fruit looks like a 8 UNAVAILABLE FOR 2019

 

Guatemalan Blue- 105 days-  A long-time favorite of mine.  Slate grey fruits are a medium size for banana squash.  Flesh has a particular flavor that is fabulous.  Pkt. $2.50  Certified Organic Seed

 

Jumbo Pink Banana- 100 days-  Large, pink skinned fruits with excellent quality flesh (moist and sweet).  While they never get as big here in the Midwest due to the insects and disease, I’ve seen specimens top 100 pounds when I lived out West.  Pkt. $1.50

 

North Georgia Candyroaster- 105 days-  Vigorous vines, shortened, pink banana squash.   Heavy production. Pkt. $2.50  (Limit 1 Pkt.)  Certified Organic Seed

Rainbow -  A wonderful, small banana squash, pinkish with blue streaks. Developed by University of Minnesota in the 1950’s. Great flavor and easy to use size.  This one surprised me in 2017  planted July 3 it showed no signs of insect damage and produced abundantly.  Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed 

Swedish Banana -  Medium sized, typically 15 to 30 pounds, prolific, banana type, deep orange flesh, pinkish orange skin.   Pkt. $3.00  Certified Organic Seed

 

Cushaws and Related  types

 

This is the best group for gardeners who have lots of insect issues and also have a drier climate with less than reliable moisture and or high heat.  While they are a challenge in cool seasons, they do well here in the Midwest. Flesh tends to be pale yellow. Vines can go in many directions. All are C. mixta.

 

Black Sweet Potato- 120 days- Blockier version of Green Striped Cushaw only paler in color.  Some fruits will be dark green and others green striped.  Pkt. $1.25  Certified Organic Seed

Campeche- 110 days-  Smaller sized fruits, silver seeded type. Fruits are grey green striped, very seedy with large seeds.  Very productive, excellent for poultry feed. Pkt. $1.50 Certified Organic Seed

Gila Cliff Dweller - 100 days -  Large, white skinned with greenish cast streaks.  Fruits can get to 40 pounds.  Heirloom from the Southwest.  Pkt. $3.00  Certified Organic Seed

Gold Striped Cushaw- 100 days-  Beautiful, golden lemon yellow cushaw. Very decorative  and productive  Pkt. $1.75  Certified Organic Seed

 

Green Striped Cushaw - 95 days- A very old type, that does suffer more insect damage here than others, but does yield quite heavily.  Pkt. $1.75  Certified Organic Seed 

Hindu- 100 days-  A large, bell-shaped cushaw.  Pkt. $1.50  Certified Organic Seed

Hopi Cushaw- 120 days-  A true cushaw shape, mottled orange and shades of green.  Pkt. $1.50  Certified Organic Seed

 

Illinois White Crookneck- 110 days - a large white  cushaw that does well in the heat.  Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

 

Japanese Pie- 90 days-    Hard shelled, large, thick stems.  Seeds have distinct markings (like Japanese caricatures).  Flesh is excellent when fried (see above recipe).  Pkt. $2.00   Certified Organic Seed

 

Jonathan- 100 days -  Large, white straightneck cushaw.  Pale flesh.  Excellent for White Pumpkin pie.  Does extremely well in drought conditions.  Some occasional greenish striped sports can occur.  Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

 

San Fernando Feral- 99 days-  Mottled green stripes, creamy tan background, medium yellow flesh, 10 pound average.  Pkt. $1.75  Certified Organic Seed

San Juan Pueblo- 110 days-An interesting pale tan off white  colored cushaw. It has darker colored flesh than most cushaws and looks almost like a moschata- mixta intergrade., having many traits of both species. Fruit averages about 10 pounds. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

 

Silver Edge- 110 days-  Grown for the seeds mostly because the flesh is low quality.  Superb for poultry.  Seeds are large white with a bluish silver edge.  Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

Tennessee Sweet Potato- 90 days- Dates to 1847.  This variety kept me trying from year to year as a child. In the mountains of Idaho, I tried all of the tricks I knew. With the cool season the best I could do was golf ball size immature fruits.  It matures with ease here. I spent years trying to get a fruit mature enough to taste.  It is rather bland, but of great historical significance.  It can survive a lot of neglect here in the Midwest and still produce a good crop.  Pkt. $1.50  Certified Organic Seed

Thick Margin Silver Seed - 100 days - nice large fruited type with large seeds with a silver rim.  Best used for seeds and stock feed.  Heavy producer.  Pkt. $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

 Winter Vining- 109 days-  Green striped cushaw with thick, mottled stripes, slight crookneck, yellow flesh.   Pkt. $1.50  Certified Organic Seed

Woodrey's Sweet Potato- 100 days- sent to me in the  early days of the Seed Savers Exchange by  Minerva Woodrey of Tennessee a 2 shape and 2 color cushaw some traditional cushaw shape and some are bell shape and either golden or green striped.  Pkt. $2.50  Certified Organic Seed

 

Pumpkin types

 

This group all tends to produce large fruited types great for fairs and stock feed but eating quality may not be the greatest on some. Vines  can get quite large and cover huge areas. All are 

C. maxima  and have a tough time with vine borers.

 

Big Max- 100 days-   Not huge like Atlantic Giant, but produces large (up to 200 pound) fruits that are a deep, rich red-orange.  While people call this a pumpkin, we only put varieties that are C. pepo  in the pumpkin classification in our catalog.  Pkt. $1.50

 

Casper- - 95 days - White skinned pumpkin shape, good for painting.  Many soils will cause this one to take on a bluish cast. Pkt. $2.50

 

Gialla Mammoth - 100 days -  Large, very fleshy fruits that are deep orange on the outside and paler orange inside.  99% chance the same as Mammoth King.  $2.00 Certified Organic Seeed

 

Mammoth King - 100 days - C. maxima  Jess Reil of South Dakota contacted us searching for this old Gurney variety he remembered from his childhood.  I too had remembered growing it, but had lost seed.  There was a packet in my friend, Tom Knoche’s, freezer storage that I inherited.  Even though the packet was almost 30 years old, Jess was able to get a crop and we are happy to get it back into circulation again.  Fruits can get to 60 lbs and are thick fleshed.  Works great for stock feed as well.  Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Rouge V’if D’Etampes- 100 days- Listed here, though most companies now list it as Cinderella under pumpkins.  There was already a pumpkin with that name, therefore we will keep this very old French pumpkin/squash with its proper scientific classification.  Fruits can weigh up to 50 pounds and are flattened orange-red.  Pkt. $2.50

 

Winter Squash that don’t fit another group

 

The ones listed here just don’t fit well into any of the categories that we have set up. That doesn’t make them less worthy, but just more unusual.

There are some members in all species.

 

Futtsu- 110 days- C. moschata  Very ribbed, dark green turning grayish orange in maturity.  Sweet orange-yellow flesh.  This Japanese variety is very tasty with an almost nutty flavor Pkt. $3.00  Certified Organic Seed

 

Gold Nugget - 80 days - C. maxima  Superb, bush type squash with hard shell for keeping.  Best in areas not prone to vine borers. I grew these with great success out west  and they kept exceptionally well. Here it is a fight with the vine borers to see who wins.   Pkt. $1.75

 

Honeyboat Delicata- 90 days C. pepo  A newer refined Delicata type that has a slightly different and darker skin color with streaks. Very sweet when cooked. Pkt. $3.00  Certified Organic Seed

Iran- 100 days- colorful squash I retrieved from the USDA in 1981. Nice mix of green and orange on a fruit.  Very decorative, semi flattened fruits. Seed comes in two colors. Pkt. $2.50

Lebanese - 70 days - C. pepo  Semi-bush, oblong, blocky, zucchini type, used when young as a summer squash, then can be used later as an acorn type winter squash.  Pkt.  $2.00  Certified Organic Seed

Mexigold- 80 days-  C. maxima   My own creation, my first attempt at plant breeding while I was in high school.  A very early, sweet, pink skinned, heart-shaped squash averaging 4 to 8 pounds.    (15 seeds) Pkt. $3.00   Certified Organic Seed   OSSI  pledged seed variety

 

Quality - C. maxima  A refined Green Delicious type, dry fleshed.  One of the first seeds I obtained from Robert Kennedy in the early 1980’s when I first joined the Seed Savers Exchange.  He had saved so many good, old varieties.  I’ll always be grateful for the large number of varieties he saved.  This squash does well here for a maxima type. They stand up to the late infestations of cucumber beetles well and get a hard enough skin to still keep well.  Pkt $2.50  Certified Organic Seed 

SpaghettiC. pepo  Fruits are an excellent low-cal food.  Bake halves (after removing seeds) then pull out the stringy flesh.  We top with a little butter, minced garlic and Parmesan cheese.  A delicious dish.  May also use as a substitute for pasta with spaghetti sauce.  Pkt. $1.50

 

Triamble- 110 days - C. maxima  - Unique 3 lobed squash.  Originated in Australia, introduced to U.S. in 1932.  Skin is a slate blue.  Pkt. $3.00

 

Tweet-ee-oo-Bakers- 100 days- C. pepo   Southern heirloom.  Vigorous vines produce 6 inch yellowish fruits with green stripes.  Flesh is mild and moist.  Pkt. $1.75  Certified Organic Seed

Yakima Marblehead- 100 days-  C.maxima-  a old variety very popular in the northwest when I was a child in the 1960's.  I remember going  to the produce department of the IGA store to get the lettuce leaves and scrap produce for my poultry and see these large sometimes 40-60 pound squash sitting back there . In those days they cut them up and sold chunks in the produce counter. They are a slate blue color and  medium dry flesh. A true old time variety.  Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Zapollito de Tronco- 100 days-  C. maxima  Cheese shape.  May be eaten like a zucchini in the immature stage.  At that stage, flesh is avocado-like in texture.  Pkt. $3.00  Certified Organic Seed

Zapallo Plomo- 110 days- C. maxima - translated means Lead Squash. It is a pale grey with very dry  deep orange flesh. 

Pkt. $2.50  Certified Organic Seed

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Sand Hill Preservation Center

Heirloom Seeds & Poultry

1878 230th Street

Calamus, IA 52729

563-246-2299

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