Updated on February 22, 2016

(Squash Family)

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Squash culture:  Unless otherwise noted, all packets will contain at least 15 seeds (Most packets will contain more.). Plant after danger of frost is past or start indoors 2 weeks prior and set out when conditions are favorable. Bush types can be placed 5 to 6 feet apart; vining types need at least 10 feet between hills, though they can be crowded if you are prepared to deal with the jungle. We plant 5 seeds per hill. We have listed the species by each squash for those who are seed savers. We will use C. mixta as that is what the current trend indicates. Historical correctness would mean using Cucurbita argyrosperma.

Squash seeds do not like to be placed in cold soil. It is better to wait until the ground is warm and then plant the seeds. If you are trying to rush the season for an early crop then it is best to start the plants 2 weeks ahead of the transplant time. Do not let them get more than 2 to 3 true leaves when you transplant them or it will stunt the growth. Squash and melons do not like to have their roots disturbed. Early transplants can be protected from insects with row cover. We place them out under hoops made of #9 wire and cover with row cover. The vine crops continue to be the biggest challenge here in the Midwest to grow organically. We continue to search for safe and effective ways to grow these crops with the least impact on the environment. My large collection of over 1,000 varieties of vine crops and the challenge of maintaining a collection here in Iowa has been the biggest reason we had not sought organic certification for so long. We don't have things perfected yet, but we will continue to work and share any environmentally friendly methods we can with you.

Cushaw Squash Recipe:  For years I have grown cushaw squash for their beauty and for livestock feed. But for table quality I never found a baked cushaw squash to be much more than bland. A co-worker at school asked me if I ever grew them. I said, "Sure, but what in the world do you want them for?" She then proceeded to tell me how delicious they were. I was hesitant, but Linda tried her recipe and we really liked it. So, we modified it a bit and think you will enjoy it also. Cut off the neck portion of the Cushaw-type squash (the bowl of the squash tends to be a little more stringy consistency. Peel the neck section with a potato peeler (or a knife) and cut the neck into slices about 1/2-inch thick. Cut these slices into bite sized pieces. Add a couple tablespoons of olive (or vegetable) oil to a large non-stick skillet to heat. Add sliced onions and minced garlic to the heated oil and then add in the pieces of squash that you have previously prepared. Add salt and pepper to taste and cook squash until tender. Serve as a side dish in place of rice or potatoes.


My initial seed saving endeavors got a start as a child growing squash. The growth rate of their vines and the multiple shapes and colors got me hooked on gardening, then seed saving, and plant breeding. I continue to have a fascination with vine crops today but there are so many time constraints upon my time I just don't have the hours I used to have to do all of the hand pollination to maintain so many types. At one point I had collected over 700 varieties of squash and was growing and hand pollinating them. As the poultry collection grew and the hours in the day shrank the collection started to suffer. I donated much of the collection to Seed Savers Exchange in 2008. I trust that it is being maintained. When my friend Tom Knoche passed away I inherited over 2,000 varieties of his seed collection and, as I stated in the Bean collection, I started increasing it this past year. I hope to make a start in the squash this year. Tom and I were both a bit obsessed with collecting Squash so, hopefully, there will be enough hours in the day to salvage some of the heirloom varieties that Tom had frozen. Wish us well and more hours in the day and perhaps some really unique stuff will appear here in years to come. As with the beans and other things, our hope is like Wilson's Sweet and Halbert Honey watermelon, they will make the grade and become popular and widely available again.

2016 SUMMER SQUASH (C. pepo)

(30 varieties to choose from)

This year I have divided the summer squashes into smaller groups to enable you to find specific types easier.

Scallops/Patty Pan Group:

One of my favorite groups for eating. The fruit needs to be picked small for best flavor and texture.

Benning's Green Tint:  58 days.  Pale, greenish-white, scalloped-type summer squash. Best used when less than 4 inches in diameter. Pkt. $1.75

Early White Scallop:  50 days.  Nice compact bush type with small uniform white scalloped fruit. Harvest when less than 4 inches in diameter. Pkt. $1.50

Golden Scallop:  55 days.  A nice scallop squash, beautiful golden orange color when mature for seed, nice pale yellow when in the edible stage. Pkt. $1.50

Juane et Verte:  60 days.  Very colorful patty pan type. Holds well. Cream and green striped. A bit thicker than most scallop types. Pkt. $2.00

Yellow Summer Squash Group:

This group has the straightnecks and crooknecks and are typically what a lot of folks refer to as yellow summer squash. Best to harvest when 6 inches or less, but the fingernail test is best. If it bruises easily when pricked with the fingernail it is still young and tender and ready to eat.

Giant Golden Summer Crookneck:  60 days.  A larger, more uniform crookneck, large bush plants. Some green streaking can occur in fruits. Pkt. (15 seeds) $3.00

Ingot:  43 days.  Small, compact bush with high yields of uniform yellow straightneck squash. We have maintained this variety for over 30 years and find it to be exceptional for yield and quality. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Straightneck:  53 days.  Bush type, warty, deep yellow summer squash. Big, very fruitful plants. Pkt. $1.50

Yellow Summer Crookneck Improved:  50 days.  High producing, yellow crookneck. Pkt. $1.50

Zucchini Group:

The traditional group of what people refer to as zucchini, usually shades of green, and long, slender fruit.

Black Zucchini:  55 days.  Bush, darkest green of any zucchini that is open-pollinated. Fruits are nice and straight and very uniform. Pkt. $1.50

Caserta:  48 days.  Bush, super early and productive, grey-green striped summer squash. This is the most dependable of any summer squash we grow. If kept picked the plants continue to produce an abundance of fruit. Pkt. $2.00

Cocozelle:  50 days.  Long, skinny striped zucchini. These grow long rapidly. They tend to get a thin area in the middle of the length. They are not perfectly straight or uniform in diameter the entire length. Pkt. $1.50

Costata Romanesca:  53 days.  Huge bushes bearing 12 to 24 inch long, thick, ridged fruits, gray-green in color with dark green stripes. Pkt. $1.75

Dark Green Zucchini:  50 days.  Bush type, dark green fruit. Not as dark as Black Zucchini, but as uniform. Pkt. $1.50

Golden Zucchini:  53 days.  Bush type, bright yellow, 8 to 10 inch fruits. Excellent for home and for market. Pkt. $1.50

Summer Marrow Group:

The group that is typically white skinned or pale green with some exceptions. Flesh is usually a little firmer than traditional zucchini.

Bianco Lungi Cylindro:  55 days.  Bush plants, light green skin, mild tasting flesh. Good Italian variety. Best to harvest when about 6 inches long, though they can get larger and then be used for stuffing. Pkt. $1.50

Genovese:  50 days.  Large bushy plants, pale yellow green fruit. This variety tends to be a bit more blocky than long and skinny. Pkt. $1.50

Green Bush Marrow:  55 days.  Nice, blocky zucchini. Pkt. $2.00

Lebanese White Bush:  50 days.  Bush, oblong, pale grey to cream white skin, tends to be larger at blossom end. Pkt. $1.50

Odessa:  65 days.  8 to 12 inches long, straight white fruits with a spreading and vigorous plant. They are very productive with good disease tolerance. Plants produce the entire season with continuous new growth. This variety originated in the Ukraine. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Striata de Italia:  55 days.  Large, bushy plants, light and dark green striped fruit. Fruits can get to 8 to 9 inches and still be in great shape. Pkt. $1.50

White Bush Vegetable Marrow:  65 days.  Bush summer squash. This one makes a suitable sub for Odessa when we are out of Odessa. Pkt. $1.50

Zucca de Lungo Verde:  55 days.  Stout, blocky, Italian zucchini, long and deep green. Pkt.$1.50

Unique Group:

The ones in this group do not fit into any group because of unique traits or growth patterns that they have.

Mandan:  47 days.  Small, round, flattened Native American type. Small vines are heavy producers of these cream colored with green or yellow striped fruits. Average quality, but great insect tolerance. Very variable in fruit type. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed (Limit 1 Pkt.)

Mayeras:  55 days.  Large, semi-bush, blocky shaped (like Spaghetti Squash in size and shape), extremely high yielding, superb quality. Gray-green in color. Good tolerance to pests and disease. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Nizza:  60 days.  Round zucchini, semi-bush type. Great yields. Fruits are striped gray/green. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Round De Nice:  52 days.  Bush, small, round Zucchini, medium green in color. Best to harvest at golf ball size. Pkt. $1.50

Table Dainty:  65 days.  Vining, blocky green/yellow striped. About 6 inches long. Very productive. Developed in 1909. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Tatume:  65 days.  Vining, heat tolerant and high insect tolerant. Round, pumpkin shaped summer squash. Fruits are pale gray/green. Pkt. $2.00

Tender and True Marrow:  65 days.  Large, spreading, bush type, with round, gray/green, zucchini type fruits. Pkt. $3.00 (Limit 1 Pkt.) Certified Organic Seed

Trailing Green Marrow:  70 days.  Late for a summer squash, but excellent for a season finisher and continues for the remainder of the season. Very vigorous vines produce numerous fruits that are striped and remain edible when they become quite large. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed


(83 varieties to choose from)

Butternut Types:

All of this group are basically tan skinned when ripe and have a very nice, deep orange flesh high in carotene. As a group they need a warmer growing season to do the best and they are very tolerant of most diseases and insects especially vine borer tolerance. For seed saving purposes all of these are C. moschata.

Alagold:  120 days.  A very prolific butternut type. Deep orange flesh. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Baby Butternut:  105 days.  Good sized vines, heavy production of 6 to 8 inch fruit. Dr. Meader and Dr. Yeager introduction from New Hampshire in the 1950's. Pkt. $2.50 (Limit 1 Pkt.)

Canadai Mezoides:  100 days.  We have been very impressed with this variety since Nancy Arrowsmith first sent it to us from Austria close to 30 years ago. A short, uniform butternut type that frequently stays green until put into storage. Keeps well and has deep, rich orange flesh. The issue is the fruits produce very few seeds. Pkt. (15 seeds) $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Greek Sweet Red:  105 days.  Somewhat barbell shaped, good insect resistance, deep orange flesh. Fruit is slow to ripen but keeps for a long time. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Hercules Butternut:  100 days.  Not entirely uniform in shape, but produces some very large sized butternut squash. Pkt. $2.50

Tahitian Melon:  110 days.  A sweeter, longer necked version of Butternut. Cooked flesh is not stringy and is excellent to use for "Pumpkin Pie". This is Linda's favorite for making pumpkin pie. Fruit can get to 20 pounds in good years. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Trombocino Rampicante:  100 days.  Long, skinny, curved fruits. Typically used in the immature stage (with flower still intact). Fruits can be up to 6 inches long when the flower opens (much larger than most other squash. As they age and mature use them as a butternut. Some variability in fruit shape occurs. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Trombone:  110 days.  Can produce two distinct shapes, but primarily is a huge butternut type averaging 30 to 40 pounds. Fruits tend to be green at harvest and ripen to a pale tan in storage. Pkt. $2.50

Waltham Butternut:  110 days.  Traditional butternut-type with tan skin. Very uniform in size and shape. Pkt. $1.50

Cheese Types:

A group that is perhaps the most heirloom group we offer as most of these can trace their history back a number of years. They usually are large and have a tan skin and orange flesh. In many cases they were used when families were large and for stock feed. All in this group are C. moschata.

Cow:  110 days.  Cheese type, orange flesh. Originally developed for stock feeding, but good for pies. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Dickinson:  115 days.  A nice, blocky, oblong cheese type. Fruits are a buffy tan, slightly ribbed and grow to 40 pounds. Flesh is sweet, orange and excellent for pies. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Gray:  100 days.  Early, productive, blocky cheese type. Medium orange flesh, in the 10 to 15 pound range for the fruits. Pkt. $2.00

Mrs. Amerson's:  120 days.  Produces two distinct shapes. Flesh is bright orange, has superb insect and disease resistance. Pkt. $1.75

Old Time Buff Cow:  100 days.  Large (20 pounds and up), old fashioned oblong cheese type squash. Pkt. $2.00

Old Timey Cornfield:  110 days.  Old fashioned Southern heirloom. Tan skin, 15 to 30 pounds. George McLaughlin sent us this one which basically is a large "Halloween pumpkin shape" but there are variable shaped ones. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Seminole:  110 days.  Vigorous vines, very productive, slightly bell-shaped, 6 to 8 inch sized fruits, buffy tan outside, orange inside. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Tan Cheese:  125 days.  5 pound, flat cheese type, thin ribs with cantaloupe orange 1.5 inch thick flesh. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed (Limit 1 Pkt.)

Upper Ground Sweet Potato:  110 days.  Extremely high yields even in poor soil and harsh conditions. Tan colored skin, bell shaped for the most part, 4 to 6 pound fruits, some larger, nice orange flesh. Some shape variations can be blocky, cheese box with an occasional longer necked, bell shaped, tan skin. Pkt. $2.75 Certified Organic Seed

Warty Cheese:  120 days.  Large, blocky, warty cheese box shaped, tan skin. 30 to 40 pounds in size with thick orange flesh. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Acorn Types:

All of this group are typically the same shape and are relatively small compared to some we grow. As a group these are less tolerant to vine borers and many of them will succumb to mildew in wet, cool season. All in this group are C. pepo.

Ebony Acorn:  90 days.  Productive green/black acorn squash, fruits average 1.5 to 2 pounds. Pkt. $1.50

Gill's Golden Pippin:  95 days.  A vining, golden acorn from the old Gill Bros. Seed Co. Excellent growth and productivity. Flesh is unbelievably superb for an acorn type. I typically don't like acorn squash because they are too blah. Gill's has a sweet (almost nutty) flavor that makes you go, "Yum!!!" It was prominently featured in Gill Bros. 1960 catalog and justly deserves the honor that it received at that time. I do not understand why it ever dropped out of large scale, commercial production. (SORRY OUR SEED GROWER FRIEND TOM HAD A CROP FAILURE.) Scarchuk's Supreme is a good substitute. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Scarchuk's Supreme:  83 days.  Developed by Dr. Scarchuk at University of Connecticut, Delicata color pattern (cream striped with green). This variety is superior. Each year reminds me of what Dr. Scarchuk was working on, vine borer resistance. It does much better than most Acorn types. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Thelma Sander's Sweet Potato:  90 days.  Acorn type, vining. Fruits are a cream color with golden yellow flesh. Heirloom from Missouri. Pkt. $1.75

Uconn:  86 days.  Bush, fist sized and larger, productive acorn. Very high yields for a bush type. Pkt. $1.50 Certified Organic Seed

White Acorn:  75 days.  A sport selection I made in the early 1980's. Plants are bush type, productive, producing snow white fruits with an occasional creamy white fruit. Flavor is very mild. Pkt. (15 seeds)$3.00 Certified Organic Seed (Limit 1 pkt.) (OSSI pledged seed variety)

Hubbard Type:

While all that I have included here are not hubbards they are all large, blocky shaped squash. Usually as a group they have large and rampant vines and do better than most other squash in cooler mountain climates. These were tops where I lived in the mountains of Idaho for yield and flavor. Here in the Midwest they grow well but frequently succumb to vine borers and here the flavor isn't quite the same. All are C. maxima.

Argentine:  100 days.  Gray-green, ribbed fruits. Flesh is dark orange (almost brown), dry and very sweet. Pkt. $2.00

Arikara:  70 days.  While not resistant to vine borers, it shows huge tolerance, plus it can be planted late and still make a crop. Flesh is sweet, soft (but stringy) and very moist, similar to a Hubbard. When blended in a blender it becomes extremely smooth (excellent for baby food and soup). Skin is pink and hard shelled. Some soils cause a slight bluish tint to the fruit skin. (An old Oscar Will variety) Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Boston Marrow:  95 days.  A very historical type (dating to 1831). Deep red orange skin. Very moist, yellow orange flesh. Fruits can get quite large - 30 pounds is possible. Pkt. $3.00 (Limit 1 Pkt.) Certified Organic Seed

German:  87 days.  Block shaped, pink skin with slight ribs, very productive plants. Fruit weighs 10 to 15 pounds. Flesh is 1.5 inches thick. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Gill's Sugar Hubbard:  95 days.  A cross the Gill Bros. Seed Co. made many years ago between Sweetmeat and True Hubbard. Flesh is golden and moist. Skin is a slate grey in color. Fruits may get up to 40 pounds. Pkt. $3.00

Golden Hubbard:  90 days.  A nice, early, red orange hubbard. Usually stays in the 8 to 15 pound range. Once very common, but now is rare. Does exceptionally well in the West. Pkt. $2.00

Hopi Pale Grey:  95 days.  Blocky pale grey skin with slight ribbing, orange/yellow flesh. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Potimarron a Gros Fruit:  A wonderful Red Kuri type though slightly larger. Very productive and beautiful orange red. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Red Kuri:  95 days.  Nice, bright orange red skin, orange flesh. Fruit are 3 to 5 pounds and a teardrop mini hubbard shape. Pkt. $2.50

Sibley:  110 days.  (aka Pikes Peak) Elongated tear drop shaped grey green hubbard type. Introduced in 1898. Pkt. $2.00

Warted Green Hubbard:  A wonderful old, very tasty heirloom that yields well, better in the Northwest and mountain regions than here, but you can still expect nice, 30 pound squash. Thick, sweet flesh. Pkt. $1.75

Turban Types:

All of the ones in this group are flattened with a drum like appearance, some will have a button or cup. For the most part these are all on the dryer fleshed side. Most have sweet orange flesh. All are C. maxima.

Australian Butter:  100 days.  A very attractive, pink, buttercup type that weighs around 10 pounds. The flesh is dry and semi-sweet. Pkt. (15 seeds) $3.50 Certified Organic Seed

Burgess Buttercup:  95 days:  Traditional buttercup type dry fleshed, dark green with off-green cup (bottom) at blossom end. Pkt. $2.00

Doe:  95 days.  An Essex Turban type, orange, semi-warty, cupless. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Essex Turban:  100 days.  Very large, orange red, warty Buttercup type. Best suited for its beauty as the flesh is pale orange, very moist and somewhat bland. Fruits are very eye catching and may be used for decoration in the Fall. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Flat White Boer:  105 days.  Flat, wheel-like squash with white skin. Flesh is deep orange, sweet, very firm and very dry. Flesh is so firm it maintains its structure after being cooked. Occasional off-types can be seen. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Galeux D-Eysines (Peanut):  100 days.  Originate in France. Pink skinned flattened globe that gets wartier as it ages. Ornamental, yet good for cooking. Pkt. $2.50

Jarrahdale:  107 days.  Australian variety that is very ribbed, blocky, drum shaped, slate blue in color, averaging 15 to 20 pounds. Moist, very sweet, semi-soft flesh. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Kindred:  90 days.  Nicely colored, deep orange skin, buttercup type with a greenish/white cup. Flesh is thick, dark colored and very dry. Seed cavity is small. Pkt. $3.75 Certified Organic Seed (Limit 1 Pkt.)

Marina di Chioggia:  110 days.  Very warty, ribby, deep slate blue, yellow/orange flesh. Vines get very vigorous and covr a large area. Pkt. $2.75

Queensland Blue:  125 days.  Beautiful, slate blue-grey, drum shaped with ribbing. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Red Gold:  93 days.  Mottled salmon and green colored fruits, 6 to 10 pounds, 1 inch thick yellowish/orange flesh. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Strawberry Crown:  90 days  Small, 6 pound fruit, brownish/gray bicolor, blushed with salmon pink. Originated in Brazil. Pkt. $3.00

Sweetmeat:  95 days.  Dry, sweet flesh. Fruits are gray-green, cheese wheel shaped, 8 to 12 pounds in size. A Pacific Northwest favorite. Pkt. $1.50

Banana Type:

This has always been one of my favorite groups. They did so well where I lived in Idaho and I remember the huge 100 pound plus sized Pink Bananas that used to be exhibited at the Nez Perce county fair. They never get as big here in Iowa and the flavor is not as I remember it, but they are still a great addition to the garden. The big issue here is that they succumb easily to vine borers. All are C. maxima.

Georgia Candyroaster:  Fruits nearly 2 feet long, orange skin and sweet flesh, long vining. Fruit looks like a bulging banana squash. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Guatemalan Blue:  105 days.  A long-time favorite of mine. Slate grey fruits are a medium size for banana squash. Flesh has a particular flavor that is fabulous. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Jumbo Pink Banana:  100 days.  Large, pink skinned fruits with excellent quality flesh (moist and sweet). While they never get as big here in the Midwest due to the insects and disease, I've seen specimens top 100 pounds when I lived out West. Pkt. $1.50

Kentucky:  115 days.  Long, warty, orange colored banana type squash, drier flesh. An old fashioned heriloom. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2015)

North Georgia Candyroaster:  105 days.  Vigorous vines, shortened, pink banana squash. Heavy production. Pkt. $2.50 (Limit 1 Pkt.) Certified Organic Seed

Orange Banana:  100 days.  A shorter, fatter, orange-skinned banana squash. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Rainbow:  A wonderful, small banana squash, pinkish with blue streaks. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Swedish Banana:  Medium sized, typically 15 to 30 pounds, prolific, banana type, deep orange flesh, pinkish orange skin. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Cushaws and Related Types:

This is the best group for gardeners who have lots of insect issues and also have a drier climate with less than reliable moisture and/or high heat. While they are a challenge in cool seasons, they do well here in the Midwest. Flesh tends to be pale yellow. Vines can go in many directions. All are C. mixta.

Black Sweet Potato:  120 days.  Blockier version of Green Striped Cushaw only paler in color. Some fruits will be dark green and others green striped. Pkt. $1.25 Certified Organic Seed

Campeche:  110 days.  Smaller sized fruits, silver seeded type. Fruits are gray/green striped, very seedy with large seeds. Very productive, excellent for poultry feed. Pkt. $1.50

Gila Cliff Dweller:  100 days.  Large, white skinned with greenish cast streaks. Fruits can get to 40 pounds. Heirloom from the Southwest Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Gold Striped Cushaw:  100 days.  Beautiful, golden lemon yellow cushaw. Pkt. $1.75 Certified Organic Seed

Green Striped Cushaw:  95 days.  A very old type, that does suffer more insect damage here than others, but does yield quite heavily. Pkt. $1.75 Certified Organic Seed

Hindu:  100 days.  A large, bell-shaped cushaw. Pkt. $1.50 Certified Organic Seed

Hopi Cushaw:  120 days.  A true cushaw shape, mottled orange and shades of green. Pkt. $1.50 Certified Organic Seed

Japanese Pie:  90 days.  Hard shelled, large, thick stems. Seeds have distinct markings (like Japanese caricatures). Flesh is excellent when fried (see above recipe). Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Jonathan:  100 days.  Large, white straightneck cushaw. Pale flesh. Excellent for White Pumpkin pie. Does extremely well in drought conditions. Some occasional greenish striped sports can occur. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

San Fernando Feral:  99 days.  Mottled green stripes, creamy tan background, medium yellow flesh, 10 pound average. Pkt. $1.75 Certified Organic Seed

Silver Edge:  110 days.  Grown for the seeds mostly because the flesh is low quality. Superb for poultry. Seeds are large white with a bluish silver edge. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Tennessee Sweet Potato:  90 days.  Dates to 1847. This variety kept me trying from year to year as a child. In the mountains of Idaho, I tried all of the tricks I could and still with the cool season the best I could do was golf ball size immature fruits. It matures with ease here and though I spent years trying to get a fruit mature enough to taste, it is rather bland, but of great historical significance. It can survive a lot of neglect here in the Midwest and still produce a good crop. Pkt. $1.50 Certified Organic Seed

Thick Margin Silver Seed:  100 days.  Nice, large fruited type with large seeds with a silver rim. Best used for seeds and stock feed. Heavy producer. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Winter Vining:  109 days.  Green striped cushaw with thick, mottled stripes, slight crookneck, yellow flesh. Pkt. $1.50 Certified Organic Seed

Pumpkin Types:

This group all tends to produce large fruited types great for fairs and stock feed but eating quality may not be the greatest on some. Vines can get quite large and cover huge areas. All are C. Maxima and have tough time with vine borers.

Big Max:  100 days.  Not huge like Atlantic Giant, but produces large (up to 200 pound) fruits that are a deep, rich red-orange. While people call this a pumpkin, we only put varieties that are C. pepo in the pumpkin classification in our catalog. Pkt. $1.50

Casper:  95 days.  White skinned pumpkin shape, good for painting. Many soils will cause this one to take on a bluish cast. Pkt. $2.50

Gialla Mammoth:  100 days.  Large, very fleshy fruits that are deep orange on the outside and paler orange inside. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Mammoth King:  100 days.nbsp; Jess Reihl of South Dakota contacted us searching for this old Gurney variety he remembered from his childhood. I too had remembered growing it, but had lost seed. There was a packet in my friend, Tom Knoche's, freezer storage that I inherited. Eventhough, the packet was almost 30 years old, Jess was able to get a crop and we are happy to get it back into circulation again. Fruits can get to 60 pounds and are thick fleshed. Work great for stock feed as well. Pkt. $2.50 Certifie Organic Seed

Rouge V'if D'Etampes:  100 days.  Listed here, though most companies now list it as Cinderella under pumpkin. There was already a pumpkin with that name, therefore we will keep this very old French pumpkin/squash with its proper scientific classification. Fruits can weigh up to 50 pounds and are flattened orange-red. Pkt. $2.50

Winter Squash that don't fit another group:

The ones listed here just don't fit well into any of the categories that we have set up. That doesn't make them less worthy, but just more unusual. There are some members in all species.

Futtsu:  110 days.  C. moschata Very ribbed, dark green turning grayish orange at maturity. Sweet orange/yellow flesh. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Gold Nugget:  80 days.  C. maxima Superb bush type squash with hard shell for keeping. Best in areas not prone to vine borers. Pkt. $1.75

Honeyboat Delicata:  90 days.  C pepo A newer refined Delicata type that has a slightly different and darker skin color with streaks. Very sweet when cooked. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Lebanese:  70 days.  C. pepo Semi-bush, oblong, blocky, zucchini type, used when young as a summer squash, then can be used later as an acorn type winter squash. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Mexigold:  80 days.  C. maxima My own creation, my first attempt at plant breeding while I was in high school. A very early, sweet, pink skinned, heart-shaped squash averaging 4 to 8 pounds. Pkt. (15 seeds) $3.00 Certified Organic Seed (OSSI pledged variety)

Quality:  C. maxima A refined Green Delicious type, dry fleshed. One of the first seeds I obtained from Robert Kennedy in the early 1980's when I first joined the Seed Savers Exchange. He had saved so many good, old varieties. I'll always be grateful for the large number of varieties he saved. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Spaghetti:  C. pepo) Fruits are an excellent low-cal food. Bake halves (after removing seeds) then pull out the stringy flesh. We top with a little butter, minced garlic and Parmesan cheese. A delicious dish. May also use as a substitute for pasta with spaghetti sauce. Pkt. $1.50

Triamble:  110 days.  C. maxima Unique, three lobed squash, originated in Australia, introduced to U.S. in 1932. Skin is a slate blue. Pkt. $3.00

Tweet-ee-oo-Bakers:  100 days.  C. pepo Southern heirloom. Vigorous vines produce 6 inch yellowish fruits with green stripes. Flesh is mild and moist. Pkt. $1.75 Certified Organic Seed

Zapollito de Tronco:  100 days.  C. maxima Cheese shape. May be eaten like a zucchini in the immature stage. At that stage, flesh is avocado-like in texture. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

2016 PUMPKIN (C. pepo)

(18 varieties to choose from)

Pumpkin culture:  All pumpkins are squash. These are only kept separate from the squash out of tradition. Culture and packet information are the same as in the Squash heading. All of these are C. pepo.

Big Red California Sugar:  82 days.  (Pie Type) Nice, small 3 to 4 pounds, deep orange skinned pumpkin, 1 inch yellow flesh. Pkt. $2.75 Certified Organic Seed

Connecticut Field:  90 days.  (Jack O'Lantern Type) 20 to 30 pounds, slight ribs, medium orange skin. Pkt. $1.50

Howden's Field:  110 days.  (Jack O'Lantern Type) An improved version of Connecticut Field, good 20 to 30 pound jack o'lantern. Pkt. $2.00

Idaho Gem:  70 days.  (Pie Type) My development, a very early, 4 to 6 pound type. I direct-seeded some of these on July 25 of 2002 after 2 previous plantings were lost to various things. Pumpkins were ripe by October 2 (or about 68 days). This year I planted July 17 ready September 27. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed (OSSI Pledged variety)

Kakai:  100 days.  (Naked Seed Type) A good, hulless seeded variety. Plants are semi-bush. Pkt. $3.00

Lady Godiva:  (Naked Seed Type) Stringy flesh, nice large thick naked seeds. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Long Pie:  100 days.  (Pie Type) Almost looks like a medium size zucchini. Never seems to turn orange until in storage, but then ripens nicely. Very good pie type. Pkt. $3.00 Certified Organic Seed

Montana Jack:  90 days.  Developed for early, cool season. Fruits typically range from 10 to 15 pounds. Good sturdy stem. Pkt. $2.00

Naked Seed:  85 days.  (Naked Seed Type) Short vines, producing numerous, small (large grapefruit size), orange skinned pumpkins that have no hulls on the seed. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Omaha:  80 days.  (Pie Type) Oblong fruits; 3 pound size. Native American type. Variability occurs in this. Pkt. $2.50 Certified Organic Seed

Southern Miner:  124 days.  (Decorative Type) Wide ridges, mottled green to yellow, hard shelled, 1 inch yellow flesh. Very decorative. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Spookie:  95 days.  (Jack O'Lantern Type) Good for both pies and small Jack O'Lanterns as it has a strong stem. Orange skin and flesh. Pkt $1.50

Storage:  90 days.  (Pie Type) Nice, fat pie pumpkin. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Styrian:  100 days.  (Naked Seed Type) Grown for the seeds. Flesh is stringy. Must be seeded soon after harvest as seeds will tend to sprout. (UNAVAILABLE FOR 2016)

Sugar Pie:  85 days.  (Pie Type) Flattened, dark orange pie type. Developed in 1863. Pkt. $1.50

Turner Family:  90 days.  (Jack-O-Lantern Type) Nice, thick skinned, deep orange, ribby pumpkin. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Winter Luxury Pie:  85 days.  (Pie Type) The best for pie, netted like a muskmelon, flesh is sweet, tender and stringless. Developed in 1893. Pkt. $2.00 Certified Organic Seed

Xochitlan Pueblo:  95 days.  (Decorative Type) Hardshelled, rounded, dessert plate size pumpkin, great for painting. Pkt. $2.00

Young's Beauty:  110 days  (Decorative and Pie Type) Late, but good, dual purpose, good insect tolerance. Pkt. $1.50